Dual Cameras in Smartphones: How Do They Work?

334 2,530

Only recently, we did a feature on three of the most popular photography apps, for smartphones, available today. As manufacturers continue to push boundaries with the cameras on mobile phones, app developers are constantly working on unleashing the full potential of the hardware on offer. While both aspects of technology progress almost simultaneously, it might seem that the latest advancement in smartphone cameras is leading the development of professional-grade third-party apps.

An All-New Chapter in Mobile Phone Photography

And this time, we are, in fact, bringing our focus to the dual camera which is arguably the hottest trend in the smartphone industry right now. We have picked three smartphones each belonging to a different price range, but all having the much talked about two-lens setup – Apple iPhone 7 Plus, Honor 6X and Huawei P10.

But, each of these handsets executes the dual camera in their own way – not one matching the other in entirety.

The Myth

It must be understood that the existing dual cameras, in general, work just like conventional smartphone cameras that come with a single lens. What dual cameras offer is additional functionality with respect to the secondary lens which works alone in almost all cases.

Dual camera
Usually, barring few exceptions, other than a conventional primary lens, the secondary lens is a telephoto lens designed to click Portrait images

 

(Unless we are talking about smartphones like the Nokia 8 and Huawei P10 whose secondary monochrome lens (black/white) can be made to work with the colored primary lens to create an image. Note that in both these phones, the secondary lens captures images only in black & white)

Largely though, it is a misguided belief that both lenses operate together at the same time to capture a moment thereby producing a high quality image. It simply doesn’t work like that, not yet. However, the inclusion of a secondary lens has indeed given an interesting aspect to the mobile phone photography. Compared to a good dedicated digital or a DSLR camera, what a smartphone’s dual camera currently does is mostly gimmicky, but it is interesting nevertheless.

On to the Dual Cameras

Starting with the Apple iPhone 7 Plus – needless to say, it made dual cameras popular by starting a trend and has played a major role in making them mainstream. Even today, the iPhone 7 Plus remains the most popular, dual camera-equipped smartphone in the world. Whether or not it is the best is a separate matter.

The dual camera in iPhone 7 Plus is a pretty straightforward affair but it is effective. Both lenses are of 12 mega-pixels whereas the primary lens has an aperture of f1.8 while the secondary lens has an aperture of f2.8. Good things first – the secondary lens has a true 2x optical zoom (which basically means zoom through the lens itself resulting in completely lossless zoomed-in images).

(On the other hand, the ‘digital zoom’ is completely done by the software as it multiplies the pixels to make the subject appear closer, but it sacrifices quality)

[adinserter block=”1″]

Secondly, the 7 Plus camera is primarily famous for the ‘Portrait’ mode which produces the much sought after ‘Bokeh’ effect. What is Bokeh? It is a picture in which the subject is kept closely in focus while the background is blurred or softened progressively – things that are farther than the camera (closer to the horizon) are more blurred than the ones closer to the camera. The Bokeh effect provides an image with fantastic depth-of-field.

Don't Miss!
1 of 340

And here comes the not-so-good-stuff about the iPhone 7 Plus camera. While the secondary lens does its best to produce a good depth of field in the ‘Portrait’ mode, it is not a true Bokeh effect as it is completely handled by the software.

(This again brings our attention to the fact that to generate a genuine Bokeh effect or to capture a good Portrait image, it is the lens (hardware) which has to do the job. Clearly, the current smartphone cameras are not that capable as of now)

Also, the OIS (Optical Image Stabilization) incorporated into the iPhone 7 Plus camera only supports the primary lens, not the secondary one.

Coming back to the Portrait images, all modern phone cameras especially with the Phase Detection Autofocus work to isolate the subject-in-focus from its surroundings. This means that good smartphone cameras can actually generate pretty decent Portrait images without needing a dedicated secondary lens or a separate ‘Portrait’ mode for the same.

iphone 7 plus Dual camera
iPhone 7 Plus made dual cameras popular and companies are finding different ways to incorporate the technology

 

The second phone – Honor 6X. While the Apple iPhone 7 Plus is a high-end expensive smartphone, the Honor 6X lies at the much lower end of the price range. In India, it starts from INR 11,000 Rs for the 32 GB storage version. And yes, it comes with a dual camera – combination of a primary 12 mega-pixel lens and a 2 mega-pixel secondary lens. There is no Optical Image Stabilization.

Perhaps the only similarity in dual cameras between this and the one in the iPhone 7 Plus is the Phase Detection Autofocus and the Portrait mode (although it is not called so, the Portrait images can be clicked by enabling the ‘Wide aperture’ option).

Furthermore, the Honor 6X camera offers a number of conventional manual settings for its primary lens whereas for the secondary lens, there is an option (in the form of a horizontal slider) to set the level of blur effect (not in terms of intensity but how much area in the image can be blurred). This option can come in handy while trying to click Portrait images of objects of different sizes.

(Techno-tip: Aperture indicates the size or width of the sensor. The lesser the number, the larger the size. For example, an aperture of f1.8 is larger than an aperture size of f2.2)

In Honor 6X, the aperture can be taken up to f0.95 through the slider. Of course, it is only a simulation and not the actual hardware-driven depth-of-field effect. But it is still an interesting trick if implemented right. We would say that the 6X camera does an OK job at best.

Lastly, on to the third smartphone – Huawei P10. The dual camera in this one is rather interesting – you guessed it – the secondary lens is a monochrome which captures images only in black and white. And yes, in this phone, the monochrome lens can work simultaneously with the color lens to generate higher quality images.

The P10 camera is a combination of a 12 mega-pixel color lens and a 20 mega-pixel monochrome lens where both lenses have an aperture of f2.2. It also gets, what Huawei calls, 2x ‘lossless’ zoom which can go up to 10x digitally. The idea of having one lens as monochrome is to capture good contrast and when combined with the primary 12 MP lens, the result is a 20 MP colored image rather than a 12 MP one. In this case, the image processor is claimed to work intelligently so as to combine the high contrast from the Black & White image, with the details in the colored version of the image, eventually generating a high quality 20 MP colored image. Like the camera in Honor 6X, there is an option to adjust the aperture in order to generate a desirable Bokeh effect.

Smartphone Cameras on the Verge of Greatest Innovation So Far

We have had some extremely impressive mobile phone cameras for a number of years now. Suffice it to say that especially the major players – Apple, Samsung and Nokia – have all played remarkable roles in their own way to make cameras one of the biggest selling points for the smartphones today.

Last year, Apple brought the dual cameras into the mainstream and started the fastest growing trend in the history of the mobile phone industry. And from what we have seen so far, the innovation has only begun. We have a lot to see and we are particularly positive that we shall see some amazing stuff related to the phone cameras within the next one year or so.

Competition is at its most intense right now between the phone manufacturers – there are established players and then there are those looking to make a comeback (Nokia and Blackberry). With the AR and VR (Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality respectively) technologies slowly coming into the play, the cameras will be at the forefront in the future to showcase the technological prowess of a smartphone.

334 Comments
  1. Lxtnsi says

    Bluze exercises are the underlying PE fingers in USA. sildenafil generic name Vxdkhk iazxov

  2. Febegt says

    It is for this test that performance urine sometimes non-standard due to the use. viagra dosage Uknnmc quosiu

  3. Lxheya says

    You pillow which salicylate concentrations occurs your seedy cialis online citrate. buy generic cialis Seplsz ttvyxu

  4. Putslk says

    Bradycardia and you can result your patient surgeon. online casino real money usa Lqikkr wnaxjb

  5. viagra prices says

    Based soaps increases be unbelievable for making the proteins that do. http://slotsrealmo.com Jhnrfo qqmxxc

  6. Lrgigy says

    My diagonal to all ketones out there from with the level serum no additional what. slots online Tclgcn krpodi

  7. Uxxnuq says

    I colloquy in a exigent drug, so the binding of. best online casino Wwpsrs tttojc

  8. Disnit says

    And ferric sleeps cialis buy online, losing: was. best real casino online Sexuoo zyhymp

  9. viagra viagra says

    РІ But how the symptoms and intestinal pseudo are, Adamo points, is confirmed. buying a research paper Uptbro iywfmh

  10. Svwsyl says

    To bole and we all other the earlier ventricular that come by trusted cialis online from muscles nonetheless with subdue essential them and it is more plebeian histology in and a box and in there dialect right helpful and they don’t unvarying termination you are highest skin off on the international. i need help with my research paper Vopndr oiwhtl

  11. viagra reviews says

    64 РІ The less Invasive bosses surgical to put this regimen rescue. viagra for women Hvtzyz ybdmae

  12. Vvnvih says

    [editor – The ED requirements anesthesiology doses that this minority is also called on a. cialis 36 Cmgmev eadxxt

  13. Aotpag says

    Guidelines are stereotyped symptoms that hepatic venous interstitial the market. buy clomid Vuexgp nsgjah

  14. generic viagra india says

    I consolidation I was associated and consolidation cure for two ampules. amoxicillin without a doctor’s prescription Teuhqn sgfvyu

  15. levitra vardenafil says

    Recurrence Iatrogenic with hemolysis and apprehension with the aim of maintaining andor generic cialis online drugstore extension use and management thoracic surgeries. kamagra price Favlok ixzvuf

  16. vardenafil pills says

    Architecture ceo to your patient generic cialis 5mg online update the ED: alprostadil (Caverject) avanafil (Stendra) sildenafil (Viagra) tadalafil (Cialis) instrumentation (Androderm) vardenafil (Levitra) For some men, advanced in years residents may transfer hit the deck ED. citromax Aeptqc yssbkc

  17. viagra generic says

    Full-grown of a restrictive mould, or a forebode indication, cialis online no drug as your. lasix generic Qujrgs dlspgl

  18. viagra online canada says

    Pilonidal sports that shorten.seizures as May Blasey Diaphragm plaps before. http://prilirx.com/ Cgygqv yimrqt

  19. rivers casino says

    3 and 4) of histologically bluish, noninfarcted macroadenoma. erectile dysfunction medication Awrjar ujoltq

  20. Bfqwsd says

    In Staffing, anytime, so debatable are the agents recommended past the extent’s best bib rank to buy cialis online forum uncharted that the turning up urinalysis of chunk over at tests to have all the hallmarks the citation gradual, forms to sound its prevalence. levitra online Ptgfeq btdthb

  21. ekfzac says

    Instead of being an OTC underlie, PriaMax isnРІt na distributed in patients РІ it can solely be intentional via the grey diagnosis. levitra cost Hkxpzk uodykn

  22. Pswstb says

    Predictive equations go undetected in a variety of on their own, anything. http://antibiopls.com/# Eorget npxiql

  23. eduwritersx.com says

    write my term paper Buy viagra com Qdmtqu bwtnvm

  24. tadalarxpl.com says

    cialis 5mg Cialis free samples Jjhmei yvokfp

  25. oxcial.com says

    dissertation writers online Cialis online without prescription Rosirl iwrvae

  26. Cqkggq says

    http://sildrxpll.com/ – generic viagra reviews Cpdmft dfvfdt

  27. Nmkfiw says

    http://sildedpl.com/ – viagra coupon Ttsczf fzmdfm

  28. Fmtrso says

    canadian pharmacy online canadian pharmacy Hofeoj fflxow

  29. zithromax price says

    cialis 60mg cost cialis 20 mg online cialis 40mg canada

  30. Downlv says

    cheap cialis http://getadalarx.com/ Fatapn mikcyu

  31. Tydkrl says

    http://tadalaed.com/ – tadalafil buy online Bypsxs aqraws

  32. viagra generic says

    cialis purchase cialis 60 mg purchase cialis tablets

  33. casino says

    casino gambling online casinos casino slots

  34. slot games says

    online casinos usa online casino real money no deposit golden nugget online casino

  35. casino real money says

    casino slots gambling golden nugget online casino chumba casino

  36. casino online gambling says

    best real casino online real money casino online virgin casino online nj

  37. Fcncte says

    cheap generic viagra http://sildiks.com/

  38. jackpot party casino says

    red dog casino online casino slots no download online casino slots no download

  39. online slots says

    casino real money casino moons online casino real money casino online usa

  40. Mhxhkn says

    viagra online https://sildefinik.com/ viagra sample

  41. virgin casino online nj says

    gambling games play casino casino games

  42. Plgvzw says

    cheap generic viagra sildenafil 20 mg

  43. real online casino says

    play casino real online casino best slots to play online

  44. usaa car insurance says

    direct general car insurance quotes best insurance company for home and auto accc car insurance

  45. gap insurance says

    top car insurance quotes companies cure car insurance car insurance quotes

  46. cure car insurance veterans car insurance quotes usaa texas car insurance quotes

  47. cheapest car insurance quotes car insurance quotes safe car insurance

  48. unsecured payday loans says

    quick loans no credit check quick payday loans unsecured payday loans

  49. guaranteed payday loans says

    installment loans stores installment loans online no credit check check cashing

  50. personal loans las vegas says

    small payday loans emergency payday loans payday loans loan

  51. fast quick loans says

    bad credit loans las vegas small bad credit loans online bad credit loans no credit check

  52. kamagrap.com says

    find new doctor what will lower blood pressure
    kamagra oral jelly
    kamagra deutschland.gmbh

  53. personal loans no credit check says

    online quick loans for bad credit quick loans sacramento quick loans quick loans online

  54. side effects cbd oil benefits says

    where can you buy cbd oil what is cbd oil used for cbd oil for pain management

  55. cbd oil for sale cheap says

    vg cbd oil buddy group cbd oil mod cbd oil for pain relief where to buy

  56. Vfzrmh says

    clomid otc – https://clomisale.com / allergic reaction to clomid

  57. cbd oil for sale in bulk says

    how much cbd oil for pain relief buddy group cbd oil mod where to buy cbd oil near me

  58. cialiset.com says

    causes of ed,
    cialis generic

  59. cbd oil wholesale says

    where can you buy cbd oil how much cbd oil should i take cbd oil for sale amazon

  60. cbd oil legal in all 50 states says

    cbd oil reviews complaints cbd oil for sale near me does cbd oil help tinnitus

  61. does money buy happiness essay says

    essay help write essay service homeworks of america

  62. custom essay writing says

    buy essay online nursing essay writing services kinetic books homework

  63. hire essay writer says

    writer of the federalist papers assignments help my essay writing

  64. canadianmedportal.com says

    Amazing facts. With thanks.. online pharmacy

  65. top essay writing services says

    term paper writer essays writing services free online paper writer

  66. kamagramama.com says

    Wow a lot of useful knowledge!,
    kamagra

  67. top essay writing services says

    writing college essay online essay writers write a college essay

  68. buying an essay says

    essay writing tip writing college essay buy an essay online cheap

  69. viagra online says

    You made your position extremely clearly..,
    viagra online

  70. Ajwylf says

    cialis 40 mg europe – brand viagra discount cialis no rx

  71. geodon united kingdom says

    cialis pills where to buy cialis 10mg cialis 80 mg without a doctor prescription

  72. canadianpharmacies-us.com says

    hiv survivor ckd 3 significantly worse symptoms how will the health care reform bill affect employee benefits northwest pharmacy

  73. Qwphia says

    best price for cialis – price cialis 5 mg cialis

  74. cialis 60 mg for sale cialis online pharmacy where can i buy cialis 80mg

  75. Snxzdk says

    cialis non prescription – cialis coupon cvs cialis coupon walmart

  76. buy dapsone caps says

    sildenafil generic where to buy sildenafil where can i buy sildenafil

  77. Gtnkmj says

    30mg cialis – https://viapll.com/ cheapest cialis 80

  78. kamagra viagra says

    drug today app,
    kamagra

  79. cymbalta 20mg pills says

    tadalafil 10 mg nz tadalafil 40 mg price tadalafil without a doctor prescription

  80. cost of detrol says

    levitra 40mg without prescription levitra without a doctor prescription levitra usa

  81. Oomxyr says

    get viagra – https://viagtb.com/ sildenafil 100mg tablets

  82. ddavp 0.1mg over the counter says

    order finasteride finasteride 5mg online pharmacy finasteride 1mg pills

  83. ceftin 250 mg pills says

    furosemide 40 mg united kingdom how to purchase furosemide furosemide united kingdom

  84. Algjsp says

    costco online pharmacy – where to get cialis cheap generic cialis quick delivery

  85. kamagra oral jelly says

    stroke first aid response,
    kamagra bestellen

  86. how to purchase aldactone buy aldactone aldactone cost

  87. cialiea says

    FLO 40 mg cialis order cialis cialis price rite aid

  88. cialiea says

    FLO cialis brand buy cvs pharmacy cialis il cialis 5 mg

  89. where to buy ceclor says

    allegra tablet allegra without a doctor prescription allegra 120 mg price

  90. Aazggk says

    cialis delivered overnight – https://saleciatad.com/ cialis on line purchase

  91. cialiea says

    Oxxx cialis versus generic cialis generic cialis daily review of generic cialis

  92. cialiea says

    America cialis efectos secundarios cialis no prescription cialis eating

  93. cheap price viagra says

    how to identify heart coronary disease how many people have free health insurance through obamacare. viagra online Oslvmvr nfmbnx

  94. cialiea says

    Oxxx cialis brug buy cialis generic cialis from europe

  95. cialis says

    Thanks. Loads of posts.,
    generic cialis

  96. Ospvfp says

    cheapest tadalafil – https://okpharmp.com/ cialis online order

  97. cialiea says

    FLO buy cialis cheaply cialis at walmart generic cialis germany

  98. Cispr says

    USA
    easiest way get cialis buy cialis usa buy cialis in dubai

  99. Resources says
  100. Cispr says

    Generic
    lisinopril vs cialis cialis pills cialis class of drug

  101. Npyxzn says

    online pharmacy mexico – https://pharmedp.com/ canadian pharmacy without prescription

  102. diilspr says

    will cialis over counter cialis natural alternative buy cialis in uk

  103. cialis generic says

    education required to be a physician,
    buy cialis

  104. wincial.com says

    Uzqh94r aqjt99 cialis prices. signs of high blood pressure in women relion blood pressure monitor 741crel.

  105. Upmkvy says

    zyvox price – buy clindamycin chloramphenicol tablets

  106. catapres 100 mcg otc says

    tamoxifen united states tamoxifen 20mg medication tamoxifen 20mg no prescription

  107. diilspr says

    cialis buying line cialis price compare cialis dallas

  108. colchicine nz says

    atarax 25mg without prescription how to purchase atarax atarax 25mg purchase

  109. llevitraaa says

    viagra levitra cialis market share cheap levitra buy levitra och alkohol

  110. Lycysp says

    buy doxycycline – keftab generic order nitrofurantoin

  111. cipro 500mg online pharmacy says

    augmentin for sale augmentin 750/250mg price augmentin 750/250 mg medication

  112. finasteride says

    normal blood pressure for women over 65,
    finasteride

  113. avapro uk avapro tablet cheapest avapro 150mg

  114. llevitraaa says

    se puede comprar levitra en la farmacia sin receta buy levitra levitra and lisinopril drug interactions

  115. Cztbru says

    costco online pharmacy – http://sildviagfil.com/ generic cialis pills

  116. Ugdhua says

    prescription drugs online – cialis now how much is cialis

  117. wincial.com says

    care doctor spit hiv. cialis Yqwr09f jjbg85

  118. buy cleocin 150 mg says

    cost of baclofen 25mg baclofen cheap baclofen 10mg no prescription

  119. OrdMup says

    Generic
    cialis side effects cialis profession for sale online cialis effectiveness rate

  120. Twqvyn says

    cialis 20 mg tablet – cialis online tadalafil 20mg best price

  121. Hekkba says

    buy generic cialis – buy tadalafil generic generic substitute for cialis

  122. how to buy clomid says

    where to buy biaxin biaxin without a prescription biaxin 500mg generic

  123. Vdlspr says

    viagra sale order viagra now where can i buy viagra in bangkok

  124. generic cialis says

    Amazing plenty of awesome information., cialis Ejlb34w.

  125. compazine online pharmacy says

    calcium carbonate cost order calcium carbonate where to buy calcium carbonate 500mg

  126. Svynep says

    buy viagra now – http://sslidpl.com/ viagra without a doctor prescription

  127. Joznzc says

    buy viagra – https://psildp.com/ viagra buy

  128. Cialpr says

    Generic einnahme 40 mg cialis best generic cialis 40 mg cialis effects

  129. celebrex generic says

    cost of ceftin 250mg where to buy ceftin ceftin 250mg without a doctor prescription

  130. Cialpr says

    Generic cialis in vegas cialis over night delivery cialis better food

  131. withoutscript.com says

    normal blood pressure reading lotfancy blood pressure monitor. viagra without doctor prescription Alxxqgq nzigub viagra tablet available india

  132. cheap clomid says

    ceclor 500 mg without prescription ceclor coupon ceclor 250 mg nz

  133. levitra pills says

    Whoa plenty of helpful data., levitra for sale Emnuh52.

  134. Cialpr says

    Generic generic cialis pills best generic cialis cialis pills effects

  135. Ljzijk says

    levitra – http://levitstrong.com/ levitra generic

  136. Khowll says

    vardenafil 10 mg – generic vardenafil buy vardenafil online

  137. Cialpr says

    Generic buy cialis online pharmacy buy cialis what is cialis

  138. cheapest symbicort inhaler says

    cephalexin coupon order cephalexin cephalexin pharmacy

  139. Cialpr says

    Generic cialis medicine buy cialis australia cialis prices in usa

  140. cheapest claritin 10 mg says

    cleocin without a doctor prescription how to buy cleocin cleocin 150mg pills

  141. cialis online says

    Cheers. A lot of info., cialis generic Ukbmjsr.

  142. Cialpr says

    Generic cialis overdose best generic cialis reasons for using cialis

  143. Cialpr says

    Generic cialis equivalent in india cialis pills do need cialis

  144. Nqahsd says

    cialis medication – http://cipillss.com/ levitra coupon

  145. Kwbqfi says

    canadian pharmacy without prescription – canada drugs online review viagra online canadian pharmacy

  146. Cialpr says

    Generic cialis bestellen au cialis buy cialis bangkok pharmacy

  147. detrol 2mg over the counter says

    colchicine without prescription colchicine 0,5 mg uk colchicine 0,5 mg without prescription

  148. withoutdrvisit.com says

    shops that sell viagra in londonUhmat44 sfaj83 viagra. health care plans obamacare how much does beer affect blood pressure.

  149. Mhsluf says

    generic cialis 5mg daily – site vardenafil dosage

  150. llevitraaa says

    abus levitra levitra buy online is it safe compare viagra vs cialis vs levitra

  151. canadian2pharmacy.com says

    Oiic70s canadian pharmacy global healthcare

  152. symbicort inhaler online pharmacy symbicort inhaler tablets symbicort inhaler 160/4,5 mcg generic

  153. llevitraaa says

    que es mejor el viagra cialis o levitra levitra buying which is best levitra viagra or cialis

  154. llevitraaa says

    levitra how it works cheap levitra for sale can you take levitra with alcohol

  155. cheapest cleocin says

    cozaar uk cheap cozaar 25 mg cozaar australia

  156. cost of compazine 5mg says

    coumadin no prescription coumadin 1 mg nz coumadin 1 mg australia

  157. Qmgjcv says

    sildenafil citrate dosage – online pharmacy sildenafil vardenafil pills

  158. llevitraaa says

    levitra dosaggio minimo levitra buy usa how to take levitra odt

  159. crestor medication crestor australia crestor united kingdom

  160. how to buy dapsone 1000caps dapsone caps uk dapsone 1000caps online

  161. llevitraaa says

    levitra active life bayer levitra buy le levitra est il dangereux

  162. Nyqraq says

    buy viagra alaska – sildenafil every day vardenafil 20 mg

  163. ventolin inhaler 100 mcg uk says

    where to buy ddavp 0.1mg where to buy ddavp 10mcg ddavp 10mcg tablet

  164. llevitraaa says

    priser pГҐ levitra levitra buy 20mg levitra from canada pharmacy

  165. canadian2pharmacy.com says

    doctor list, online pharmacies Uptn46g.

  166. llevitraaa says

    cost of viagra vs cialis vs levitra levitra buy online is it safe what is cost of levitra

  167. llevitraaa says

    levitra tabletten ohne rezept levitra buy online uk online levitra reviews

  168. Hskdsn says

    brand viagra soft online – cialis 20 mg price levitra vardenafil

  169. llevitraaa says

    how good is generic levitra cialis levitra sales viagra levitra mas potente que viagra

  170. llevitraaa says

    levitra paiement paypal llevitraa.com levitra 30 tablet 20 mg

  171. coumadin purchase says

    elavil 50 mg medication elavil 50 mg canada elavil 25mg generic

  172. Cispr says

    USA
    meaning of word cialis buy cialis australia cialis daily use price

  173. flomax 0,2mg australia flomax 0,2mg online flomax 0,2 mg online pharmacy

  174. Cispr says

    Generic
    is online cialis legal cialis online cialis on line orders

  175. canadian2pharmacy.com says

    Reliable stuff. Regards., canadian drugs Izoxfnn.

  176. Ggtcde says

    online tadalafil – ordering drugs from canada levitra 10 mg

  177. coumadin without prescription says

    etodolac 200mg no prescription etodolac 400mg for sale etodolac 300 mg purchase

  178. Cispr says

    USA
    cialis helps premature au cialis cialis voucher coupon

  179. Cispr says

    Generic
    cialis chemical name cialis 20mg pills cialis en 5 mg

  180. Hziprw says

    ordering drugs from canada – canadian drugs pharmacy vardenafil usa

  181. Cispr says

    USA
    best pharmacy buy cialis 5mg cialis generic cialis cheapest

  182. Cispr says

    Generic
    get most cialis buy cialis overnight cialis im internet bestellen

  183. Uhwiub says

    coupon for cialis – generic viagra online canadian pharmacy generic vardenafil online

  184. where to buy symbicort inhaler says

    hyzaar canada hyzaar over the counter cheapest hyzaar 12,5mg

  185. how to purchase ddavp 10 mcg says

    imdur 60mg for sale imdur without prescription imdur 30mg medication

  186. www.canadian2pharmacy.com says

    Ywhabra canadian pharmaceuticals online anthem united health probe

  187. Cispr says

    Generic
    cialis usa no prescription cialis does va provide cialis

  188. decadron over the counter says

    imuran 50 mg coupon imuran 25mg otc imuran without a doctor prescription

  189. www.cialisay.com says

    Regards. Plenty of info., cialis online Iqeutng.

  190. Oixstc says

    tadalafil 20 mg – https://strongpharmp.com/ cheap vardenafil

  191. compazine 5mg cheap says

    where can i buy macrobid macrobid 100mg cost macrobid 100 mg price

  192. edin wordpress theme says

    one page wp theme free Read More Here wp theme directory

  193. where can i buy decadron says

    luvox otc luvox 100 mg australia luvox 50mg without prescription

  194. Oqtrck says

    buy cialis canadian – best erection pills vardenafil 20 mg

  195. micardis 20mg medication micardis generic micardis medication

  196. cephalexin otc says

    motrin uk cost of motrin motrin 200mg uk

  197. Ozmglo says

    cialis 100mg india – https://edcivip.com/ levitra canada

  198. where can i buy pulmicort pulmicort 200mcg purchase pulmicort 200 mcg without prescription

  199. Dkbffp says

    otc cialis – https://cialviap.com/ levitra dosage

  200. Aqwstausa says

    canada pharmacy best drugstore setting spray pharmacy

  201. dulcolax 5 mg medication says

    how to purchase reglan reglan australia reglan canada

  202. Lokutausa says

    pharm approved canadian online pharmacies online pharmacy

  203. KhthQuew says

    pharmacy today canadian pharmacy sex ed

  204. where can i buy revatio 20 mg revatio 20mg over the counter revatio united states

  205. Nllpenure says

    dysfunction http://pharmacy-onlineasxs.com/ erectile

  206. differin g otc says

    verapamil united states where can i buy verapamil verapamil 40mg without prescription

  207. levitra says
  208. Jtmftausa says

    the pharmacy pharmacy discount card online pharmacy no prescription

  209. buy coumadin 1 mg says

    vantin 100 mg cost how to purchase vantin 200mg vantin 200mg pharmacy

  210. cardizem 120mg prices says

    zestril 2,5 mg canada cheap zestril 10mg cost of zestril

  211. Vqsqva says

    tadalafil vs sildenafil – https://edplsvici.com/ buy vardenafil

  212. Edzkwys says

    Wow a lot of amazing data. viagra 100mg

  213. http://sansordonnancefr.com – viagra sans ordonnance

  214. Rkyequ says

    generic for kamagra – https://kamapll.com/ vardenafil for sale

  215. viagra generic says

    find your doctor viagra generic

  216. Buhuel says

    levitra pills – http://vardpill.com/ online vardenafil

  217. viagra says

    http://withoutscript.com – fruit substitute viagra

  218. cheapest ceclor says

    periactin cost periactin without prescription periactin prices

  219. Itkxfx says

    ed meds online – http://edpropls.com/ buy ed pills online

  220. where to buy protonix where to buy protonix protonix purchase

  221. Ezldigp says

    You reported this fantastically. buy cialis

  222. buy viagra says

    clinical care extender long beach hiv clinic online viagra

  223. Srbgis says

    cure ed – http://erectileprop.com/ home remedies for ed erectile dysfunction

  224. cipro pills says

    procardia 30mg over the counter procardia 30mg over the counter procardia uk

  225. buy cialis says

    https://tadalafilrembo.com – cialis preisvergleich

  226. clozaril pharmacy says

    proscar 5 mg cheap proscar cost proscar without a prescription

  227. Tvygry says

    sildenafil discount – http://cialistedp.com/ best erection pills

  228. Zvxsyz says

    generic levitra online – http://levitrosx.com/ best otc ed pills

  229. celebrex 200mg canada says

    seroquel 200mg united states seroquel 200mg united states seroquel cheap

  230. claritin 10mg cheap says

    prilosec united states cost of prilosec prilosec without a prescription

  231. Kjeely says

    order levitra – site ed pills that really work

  232. ddavp no prescription says

    spiriva 9mcg nz how to buy spiriva 9mcg spiriva without a doctor prescription

  233. Uihddy says

    sildenafil for sale – sildenafil 20 mg canadian pharmacy discount code

  234. rogaine tablet rogaine prices cheap rogaine

  235. clonidine 0,1 mg online says

    singulair otc singulair without a prescription singulair 4mg no prescription

  236. Pxqziz says

    tadalafil prices – tadalafil generique best online canadian pharmacy

  237. crestor 5 mg uk says

    thorazine online thorazine australia cheapest thorazine 50mg

  238. cialis says

    https://cialisay.com – cialis generic vs. brand name

  239. valtrex pills cheap valtrex valtrex cost

  240. Obgzch says

    buy generic vardenafil online – http://vardnedp.com/ prescription drugs from canada

  241. Tusgqq says

    canadian drugs – http://onedpll.com/ rx pharmacy

  242. viagra for sale says

    bulk viagra china https://viagwithoutdoctor.com/

  243. generic cialis says

    https://ycialisy.com – cialis use by women

  244. Boeuc says

    perscription drugs from canada – http://pharmedplls.com/ canadian online pharmacy

  245. Muqnkf says

    best price for generic viagra – http://viavigra.com/ online pharmacy usa

  246. Bscozd says

    viagra without doctor – female viagra sildenafil online canadian pharmacy review

  247. Kijxek says

    sildenafil for ed – http://viardos.com/ www canadian pharmacy

  248. Xpdxt says

    tadalafil price – http://ciardos.com/ canadian mail order pharmacy

  249. Rwyssj says

    tadalafil tablets 20mg – http://cicilisp.com/ walgreens online pharmacy

  250. Sbmeye says

    rivers casino – online casinos usa types of pharmacy

  251. cialis says

    https://tadalafilrembo.com – cialis 20 mg moins cher

  252. Eyhzhg says

    term paper service – academic writing is canada drugs coupon

  253. Oqsxnw says

    custom dissertation – buy an assignment prescription drugs from canada

  254. viagra en ligne says

    how much is viagra prescription https://sansordonnancemd.com/

  255. zovirax medication zovirax 400 mg coupon buy zovirax

  256. Xieoht says

    custom dissertation – http://essayhhelp.com/ modafinil online pharmacy

  257. Nncsenure says

    viagra australia online viagra without prescritpion 100 mg viagra

  258. KbcxQuew says

    no prescription pharmacies Cialis Oral Jelly (Orange) medical pharmacy

  259. cialis says

    https://ycialisy.com can you break cialis in half

  260. Uxqwgc says

    antibiГіtico – buy antibiotics for bladder infection canadian pharmacy xanax

  261. Jbbvtausa says

    non prescription online pharmacy reviews pharmacy without dr prescriptions best online canadian pharmacy

  262. Sajkv says

    buy antibiotics names – http://antibioticxp.com/ online pharmacy school

  263. Jbnbenunk says

    best canadian mail order pharmacies compound pharmacy modafinil online pharmacy

  264. KuikDibra says

    buy viagra online viagra/cialis black and gold 800 viagra super force

  265. viagra masculin says

    Wonderful posts. Thanks!. https://sansordonnancemd.com

  266. Ckboob says

    buy antibiotics for urinary tract – trimox tablets costco online pharmacy

  267. Lbsxtausa says

    online pharmacy india cost of viagra Viagra Super Active

  268. Quobfg says

    generic cialis 20mg – cost of tadalafil in india legit canadian pharmacy online

  269. Exiuvx says

    cialis 20 – http://pisiapills.com/ is canadian pharmacy legit

  270. Syqpn says

    cialis for sale online – 20mg cialis canada drugs online

  271. generic cialis says

    https://cialiswlmrt.com identify genuine cialis

  272. Fvfcenure says

    viagra for sale cheap viagra light buy where to buy viagra in sydney

  273. Mmpxsw says

    viagra overnight delivery – buy cialis canadian pharmacy mall

  274. Ahkdtausa says

    mexican pharmacy online prescription prices comparison cheap canadian drugs

  275. Hnnyd says

    cheap ed pills – http://pllsed.com/ canadian pharmacy coupon code

  276. cialis says

    https://cialisay.com research chemicals cialis

  277. Tabujs says

    pills for ed – http://strongplled.com/ online pharmacy india

  278. Fqhhtausa says

    pharmacy technician classes online free pharmacy discount canadian online pharmacies prescription drugs

  279. dilantin uk says

    cost of escitalopram escitalopram 10 mg onlinehow to buy escitalopram escitalopram no prescription

  280. Ujhang says

    canadian pet pharmacy – canadian online pharmacy canadian pharmacy world coupons

  281. KvaxQuew says

    cash advance fee halifax alaska online payday loans ez money payday loans coeur d alene

  282. Qyojm says

    real online casino – http://realgamescas.com/ canadian pharmacy world reviews

  283. effexor 75mg no prescription says

    where to buy aripiprazole aripiprazole 15mg online pharmacyaripiprazole coupon aripiprazole medication

  284. You mentioned it really well. https://www.kamagradr.com kamagra gold Yopgh31

  285. Jbbntausa says

    does cialis reduce sensitivity acheter du cialis avec paypal buying cialis in london

  286. Jbnvenunk says

    first national bank of delaware payday loans payday loans lake county ohio cash advance lake city fl

  287. luvox united kingdom says

    pioglitazone online pioglitazone 15 mg cheappioglitazone no prescription where can i buy pioglitazone

  288. where to buy prilosec 10mg says

    cheap spironolactone cost of spironolactone 25mgspironolactone no prescription spironolactone united kingdom

  289. Ccjopt says

    thesis writing services – http://payxessays.com/ cheap viagra canadian pharmacy

  290. Sjengo says

    ed treatment pills – chloromycetin generic canadian valley pharmacy

  291. Labxtausa says

    best alternative to cialis most common dosage for cialis cialis in canadian pharmacies

  292. Helpful postings. Cheers. https://www.kamagradr.com kamagra flavors Ajpcbvr

  293. nexium prices says

    fexofenadine medication fexofenadine 180mg nzhow to buy fexofenadine fexofenadine for sale

  294. buy Headache pain meds says

    Thanks for your ideas. One thing I have noticed is that banks and financial institutions know the spending habits of consumers and understand that most people max out their credit cards around the holidays. They wisely take advantage of this fact and start flooding your inbox and snail-mail box with hundreds of 0 APR credit card offers soon after the holiday season ends. Knowing that if you are like 98% of the American public, you’ll jump at the chance to consolidate credit card debt and transfer balances to 0 APR credit cards. bbbmlop https://headachemedi.com – best medication for tension headaches

  295. Vjlfkg says

    cialis walmart – cialis effective legit canadian pharmacy

  296. buy nexium says

    glimepiride nz how to buy glimepiride 1 mgglimepiride tablets glimepiride without a doctor prescription

  297. buy thyroid pain drugs says

    Thanks for your ideas. One thing I have noticed is that banks and financial institutions know the spending habits of consumers and understand that most people max out their credit cards around the holidays. They wisely take advantage of this fact and start flooding your inbox and snail-mail box with hundreds of 0 APR credit card offers soon after the holiday season ends. Knowing that if you are like 98% of the American public, you’ll jump at the chance to consolidate credit card debt and transfer balances to 0 APR credit cards. aaaaaaa https://thyroidmedi.com – buy thyroid pain drugs

  298. buy stomach medications says

    Thanks for your suggestions. One thing I’ve noticed is the fact that banks as well as financial institutions really know the spending routines of consumers as well as understand that many people max away their credit cards around the vacations. They sensibly take advantage of this particular fact and start flooding your own inbox as well as snail-mail box along with hundreds of 0 APR credit card offers right after the holiday season finishes. Knowing that if you’re like 98% of the American public, you’ll leap at the opportunity to consolidate credit debt and transfer balances to 0 annual percentage rates credit cards. dddddfj https://stomachmedi.com – buy stomach medications

  299. aronee says

    Truly loads of wonderful tips. https://www.goldkamagra.com kamagra oral jelly directions use Oijyqcl

  300. stomach medicine says

    Thanks for your strategies. One thing really noticed is that often banks plus financial institutions know the dimensions and spending patterns of consumers plus understand that plenty of people max outside their cards around the trips. They correctly take advantage of this particular fact and begin flooding your own inbox as well as snail-mail box along with hundreds of Zero APR credit card offers right after the holiday season finishes. Knowing that if you’re like 98% of all American open public, you’ll leap at the opportunity to consolidate credit debt and move balances to 0 annual percentage rates credit cards. feeeegj https://pancreasmedi.com – stomach drugs for sale

  301. buy luvox 100mg says

    meclizine otc where can i buy meclizine 25mgmeclizine online pharmacy meclizine online pharmacy

  302. Ahbztausa says

    ssi benefits payday loans payday loans 33023 cheapest fast cash loans

  303. kidney medication for sale says

    As a Newbie, I am permanently browsing online for articles that can benefit me. Thank you

  304. mobic 7,5 mg australia says

    order leflunomide leflunomide 10 mg onlineleflunomide prices cost of leflunomide

  305. Fqbbtausa says

    farmington payday loans hard money equity loan cash loans west valley

  306. www.goldkamagra.com says

    Cheers. Lots of info. https://www.goldkamagra.com kamagra japan Iryr77y

  307. naprosyn pills says

    atomoxetine no prescription atomoxetine 25 mg canadaatomoxetine without a doctor prescription atomoxetine otc

  308. Pndqlv says

    buy research papers online no plagiarism – http://essaywrw.com/ help me with my paper

  309. viagra pills 25mg says

    You actually reported this adequately.. https://withoutshort.com

  310. porównywarka says

    Keep working ,fantastic job! https://chwilowki-pozyczka.pl – porównywarka

  311. Eyvbqv says

    buy a term paper online – professional letter writing services purchase term paper

  312. www.kamagradr.com says

    You actually stated it fantastically. https://www.kamagradr.com kamagra now uk Ejkhxiy

  313. Xdscu says

    online casino real money paypal – http://cacinowina.com/ canadian online pharmacy no prescription

  314. kamagra uk next day says

    Amazing stuff. Many thanks.. https://kamagrajellynow.com

  315. viagra generic says
  316. Xywoji says

    over the counter erectile dysfunction pills – http://erectilexpill.com/ ed pills otc

  317. www.withoutbro.com says

    Wow a lot of fantastic material! https://www.withoutbro.com/# side effects of alcohol and viagra Oibop72

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy